Geography of the Twin Cities

PART I: Concepts of Urbanization
Key DefinitionsDevelopment of the Twin Cities 

Physical Setting & Historical Images
(Kaposia Village, Fort Snelling, Old St. Paul)

Illustrated Readings
– Historical Geography of St. Paul and Environs
– Building the City
– Architectural Styles of Twin Cities Homes

Development Slide Shows
Part 1. The Earliest Phase of Development
Part 2. Walking City
Part 3. Railroad Era
Part 4. Streetcar Era
Part 5. Industrial Suburb and Ethnicity
Part 6. Planning Response to the Industrial City
Part 7. Residential Development
Part 8. Auto Era and Suburban Competition
Part 9. Redevelopment Planning
Part 10. Deinsturialization
Part 11. Renewed Interest in the Core

PART II: Residential Districts of the Twin CitiesResidential ZonesSlide Shows
– St. Anthony Park
– The Lake District of Minneapolis
– Grand Avenue & Surrounding NeighborhoodsReadings
– Four Nineteenth-Century Residential Districts
– Swedes in the Twin Cities
– Three River Front Ethnic Neighborhoods
(Part 1Part 2Part 3, and Part 4)PART III: Sense of Place: Geography & LiteratureReadings
Fictive St. Paul
Geography through LiteratureBibliography of NovelsDiscussion Questions


Content: Developed by David A. Lanegran, John S. Holl Professor of Geography, Macalester College
and Coordinator, Minnesota Alliance for Geographic Education (MAGE)

Images: Unless otherwise noted, all slide images were taken by Lanegran
Grand Avenue Sketch: Jonathon Crowe (’88)

Amanda Martin (’01)

Project development made possible with equipment purchased from the Friends of Paul Gerhardt, Jr. Class of ’78 gift fund.

*Illustration by J. Crowe

Minnesota K-12 Academic Standards in Social Studies

(February 2012 release)

The document can be found on the Minnesota Department of Education website. Scroll down to “Social Studies”; the PDF document is linked under “Document Download.”

MAGE Lesson Warehouse

MAGE offers a searchable set of lessons designed by teachers, for teachers. We are continually updating this set of lessons, which are tied to the most recent state social studies standards. Access and search the Lesson Warehouse here.

MAGE Podcasts

Thanks to Fred Kunze for this growing set of MAGE educational podcasts. The list is searchable by keywords, standards, and grade level. Access and search Podcasts here.